The uks army chief, general mark carleton-smith, has said its future is boots and bots troops and robots advancing together to the battlefield supported by swarms of drones which identify artillery targets.

But general nick carter, chief of the defence staff,suggested yesterday it may never come to that, as russia and china choose tactics and operations that occur just below the threshold for conflict.

He citedcyber attacks, disinformation campaigns and mass surveillance being used to wage political warfare on the west, with the goal of breaking its willpower. the uk is currently preparing a review of defence and security that may boost the militarys capabilities in drone warfare, artificial intelligence and cyber strategy at the expense of traditional hardware such as tanks and warships.

Reducing vulnerabilities will be key and the uks huawei monitoring body revealed today that intelligence officials forced the chinese telecoms company to do a complete rewrite of the code and security for a product used in the countrys broadband networks, after poor quality and out of date systems caused a vulnerability of national significance last year.

In germany, an it security bill that angela merkels cabinet is planning to pass in the coming weeks will effectively exclude huawei from the buildout of the countrys 5g phone networks.

That means more orders for the likes of nokia, ericsson and samsung, while the wider tech sector will also look to exploit fears about national security and china.

One example: hewlett packard enterprise has just announced made-in-the-usa industry-standard servers, including advanced security features that are built by vetted hpe employees in highly secure us facilities as part of the hpe trusted supply chain initiative launched today.

1. facebook tightens up on political advertisingdisinformation campaigns dont all come from foreign powers. a day after president trump made unfounded claims in an election debate about voter fraud, facebook said it would prohibit political advertising that seeks to delegitimise an election, including claims of widespread voting fraud or corrupt voting methods.

2. googles $1bn news pledgegoogle has promised to pay news publishers around $1bn over the next three years, as it aims to establish new terms of trade with media groups and avoid potentially more costly action by regulators. the money will support the google news showcase, a new mobile feature the us tech group will first roll out next wednesday in germany and brazil.

3. softbank: tech evangelist or hedge fund?softbank has cash and a mercurial leader in masayoshi son, but investors say the japanese group lacks a clear statement of purpose in the wake of the arm holdings sale and losses at the $100bn vision fund. many are now asking:what is softbank?

4. palantir and asana lack direct benefitsbusiness to do list provider asana ended its first day of trading with a market value $3bn higher than its last private valuation, data analytics company palantirs fell short by some $4bn as both debuted their direct listings on wednesday. the success of recent traditional software ipos suggests both might have benefited from roadshow marketing, says lex.

5. coinbase chiefs politics ban agitatesbrian armstrong has created a storm in silicon valley by banning social activism at work. his cryptocurrency company coinbase has invited any employees who disagree to take a severance package and leave. tom braithwaite analyses his controversial blog post.

Tech stocks around the world have been pushing all-time highs this year, spurring dozens of headline-grabbing public listings. but europe has so far been a notable exception with some companiesactually delisting. there are signs that this could be changing soon, however, with a mooted initial public offering of london-born deliveroo and the successful debut of the hut group last month. the question now is: which tech companies are on the cards to list next?sifted looks at the top european ipo contenders.

Elsewhere in europe, the founder ofspotify daniel ek announced his first moonshot investmentin swedish battery gigafactory northvolt, just a week after pledging to invest 1bn of his own money into new tech ventures. there was also talk of european companies winning the race tobuild the hyperloop. the other big news was aboutbritish used car website cazoo, which raised another 240m, meaning it has now raised a total of 450m, despite having been around for just two years. there was alsomoney raised for 4.5.6 skin, which develops skincare products for people of colour, and a crowdfunding campaign opened up to allow ordinary people to invest in apotential coronavirus vaccine.

Google commendably avoided too much fuss and fanfare with the launch of the latest version of its flagship smartphone last night. in these difficult times, google said it wanted to make its product launch event as efficient as possible so people could get on with their lives, reported wired. there is also a modesty about the pixel 5s price at $699 it is a lot cheaper than last years phone, says engadget, and nothing like the $1,000-plus price tags on the latest smartphones from rivals. features include 5g, of course, 128gb of storage, a fingerprint sensor rather than last years facial recognition chip, a dual camera on the back including an ultra wide angle lens and a 6in oled screen. its available on october 15.