Chatting to a diplomat in berlin a week ago, we advised that brexit most likely ranked about number 4 one of several german foreign-policy problems. he looked thoughtful then replied: i believe lower than that. therefore we had the list.

Alarming dossiers are turning up on chancellor angela merkels table. the most urgent problems facing the german chancellor tend to be russia, covid-19, the eastern mediterranean, the united states election and china. then comes brexit. while the present president for the eu, germany views its part as shaping a unified european response to each one of these issues.

The urgency of the russia issue is underlined because of the proven fact that alexei navalny, the stricken russian resistance activist, is lying-in hospital under a mile from chancellors company. flying mr navalny to germany had been a humanitarian motion but it features provoked a crisis in relations with moscow. german diplomats believe the russians would not expect mr navalny to survive the journey from siberia to berlin. the kremlin is furious at germanys confirmation that mr navalny had been poisoned and it is spitting completely conspiracy ideas.

Ms merkel features always tried to hold outlines ready to accept vladimir putin, the russian president. but she is perhaps not shirking confrontation this time around; she chose to yourself announce the toxicology results that revealed mr navalny ended up being poisoned. a reversal of german plan regarding controversial nord flow 2 gas pipeline to russia, very long shielded by ms merkel, is wanting much more likely. the germans may closely after the pro-democracy uprising in belarus a predicament that keeps an unique resonance for a chancellor which spent my youth east of the iron-curtain.

Beyond the boundaries of europe, germany sees a full world of rogue superpowers with an animus contrary to the european project. together senior authoritative sets it: something that moscow, beijing and washington have in common is they would all like to divide european countries.

The addition of china in that number points to a serious deterioration in relations with beijing. this matters hugely in berlin, since asia is germanys biggest trading companion. the germans in addition know that any hope of international action on climate change calls for the co-operation of beijing and they are really alarmed by the few brand-new coal-fired energy programs that china is starting. at the same time, human-rights dilemmas in xinjiang and hong-kong are getting some coverage when you look at the german news and community perceptions of asia have turned unfavorable. ms merkel has actually convened a virtual eu-china summit, which occurs this week.

Floating above anything else is anxiety throughout the united states presidential election. one berlin official contends that: it really is difficult to think of any other country, outside the united states itself, which has had just as much on the line on november 3 as germany. a victory the democrat joe biden would provide to be able to restore the western alliance on which german protection features depended for a long time. but an extra administration under president donald trump could possibly be much more open with its hostility to berlin and brussels.

Germanys relations with chicken always tricky are also increasingly immediate. berlin is attempting to mediate between greece and chicken in the east mediterranean and concerns that fighting could bust out amongst the two nato allies. the fact turkey hosts an incredible number of syrian refugees is critical. a defining minute for the merkel era ended up being the chancellors decision in 2015 to admit above 1m refugees, who mainly travelled via chicken. a brand new outflow of migrants from area could be a nightmare for ms merkel particularly during a pandemic. so news that a big refugee camp in greece has actually burnt straight down is ringing security bells in berlin.

And all sorts of with this must be handled amid the extraordinary challenges posed by covid-19.

While they make an effort to answer an extremely harmful world, german leaders came back and once more into the significance of keeping european unity. in an environment of rogue superpowers and global environmental and wellness challenges, they believe european countries can only hope to defend their interests by sticking together. safeguarding the european solitary marketplace is a matter of protection along with business economics.

It is global context that conditions the german a reaction to brexit. viewed from berlin, it will be dangerous and self-defeating to agree a brexit offer that undermines the solitary market. due to the fact germans notice it, enabling the united kingdom tariff and quota-free usage of that market while exempting the nation through the eus state-aid laws and edge controls would present an unacceptable menace to europes appropriate order, success and unity. there is the question of trust. if boris johnsons united kingdom federal government rips up a deal consented nine months ago, what's the point of negotiating any more together?

This message is generally delivered calmly and without rancour. in berlin, the harshest term i heard placed on the uk governments statement so it promises to break worldwide legislation ended up being troubling.

Listening to that comment, it hit me that if you like to hear british-style understatement these days, you will need to visit germany. the governmental environment in london is hysterical and insular. it will be the germans who will be thinking globally and whose maxim now seems to be: hold calm and carry on.