India’s tea harvest is at risk as Covid-19 infections spread across plantations already struggling with a torrid drought.

At least 90 tea gardens in Assam, India’s top tea-producing state, have reported cases and with many declared containment zones, according to the local tea association, as authorities try to stop the virus spreading into more of the state’s 800 plantations.

About 500 cases have been confirmed but planters said more testing was needed to detect the true magnitude of the outbreak.

India is the world’s second-largest tea producer after China, and competes with countries such as Kenya and Sri Lanka in the export market.

Producers warn that, if not brought under control, the outbreaks could ruin the harvest season and push prices higher.

“Last year, the tea gardens were miraculously spared,” said Prabhat Bezboruah, chair of the Tea Board of India. “This time . . . the portents are ominous.”

Mam pf Assam, India

The outbreaks on tea plantations highlight the reach of India’s second wave that has left no corner of the country untouched. Coronavirus has spread into remote areas after taking a devastating human toll in the cities and disrupting industry and economic activity.

India on Sunday reported more than 310,000 new Covid-19 cases and more than 4,100 deaths on the previous day. Experts believe the figures are vast undercounts.

Assam and neighbouring West Bengal, home to famed tea-producing hub Darjeeling, are each reporting their own surges. Both states recently held local elections that public health experts said fuelled infection.

Labour groups blame what they call the cramped working conditions on tea plantations for the surge in cases.

Living quarters “are densely populated. The workers work or move in large groups, so the chance of rapid increase in the number of infections among them is very alarming,” Dhiraj Gowala, president of the Assam Tea Tribes Students Association, wrote in a letter to the local government.

India’s tea industry is already weakened by everything from erratic weather patterns linked to climate change to last year’s lockdown, which brought the harvest to a halt for several weeks.

That lost output helped push Indian prices to record highs last year, giving Kenya and Sri Lanka an advantage in the export market.

Column chart of Jan-Mar output (

Ibi Idoniboye, an analyst at commodities data firm Mintec, said the latest disruption on Indian plantations could create another opening for producers such as Sri Lanka to sell more to large consumers such as Russia.

Producers worry they face another lost year. The threat of coronavirus is exacerbated by a severe drought in Assam and India’s north-east, which has left tea leaves withering on their bushes.

“You put your hand into the soil and you just pick up dust. Normally it’s lumpy and muddy by this time,” said Nazrana Ahmed, who runs a plantation near the city of Dibrugarh in Assam.

North Indian tea production of 47m kg in March was higher than last year, according to tea trader Van Rees, but still well short of the 60m kg harvested in March 2019, the last “normal” year.

Tea auction prices in Kolkata, the main export hub, jumped more than 40 per cent to Rs287.5 per kg in April from the previous month, according to Mintec.

Vivek Goenka, president of the Indian Tea Association, said authorities were setting up vaccination camps to inoculate plantation workers but were struggling to procure shots amid a severe nationwide shortage of jabs.

“Hopefully we’ll be able to contain the situation,” he said. “I’m not saying it’ll disappear overnight . . . It really depends on how swiftly and promptly we can control this.”