Donald trumps refusal to concede the presidential election and his make an effort to challenge the outcome in courts features unsettled numerous us americans, while dragging the worlds leading democracies to unfamiliar terrain.

But to veterans associated with nyc property globe, the presidents activities since the november 3 election tend to be familiar, and in keeping with the playbook he honed for a long time as an extremely litigious residential property developer.

Among its core tenets: never ever admit defeat, even if youve lost; sue preferably with huge, bombastic statements even although you dont have most of an incident; and wish that ensuing chaos unnerves adversaries or tosses up various other, as-yet-unseen, possibilities.

A courtroom is someplace where he is comfortable, for much better or worse, said a fresh york lawyer who'd managed mr trump over time. he wins, he loses, sometimes he gets their ass kicked.

But, the attorney stated, mr trump never ever concedes. he is able to be falling into mat after the 15th round, when the battle is over...hell be increasing their fingers in triumph, saying i won the fight! then, when the scorecard goes against him, i became robbed! i want a rematch!

Michael cohen mr trumps one-time fixer, whom consequently went to jail for, among other deeds, organizing repayments to silence women who advertised to have had liaisons with mr trump described the presidents blitz of election legal actions and unfounded claims of voter fraud as roy cohn on steroids.

Mr cohen was discussing the previous main counsel to senator joseph mccarthys anti-communist investigation committee, who tutored a new mr trump in how to use litigation as warfare while representing the trump household business in a 1973 racial discrimination situation brought by the department of justice.

The us government accused the trumps of refusing to rent flats to black colored renters. in the place of settle, mr cohn, whom passed away in 1986, prodded mr trump hitting right back with a $100m countersuit.

He learned that best defence is an excellent offence. and then he discovered that the best way to do this is lawfully, said a york real estate professional that has tangled with mr trump. we do not think he had an especially impressive reputation winning any such thing. but he had been sufficiently litigious it was a deterrent.

Even yet in the litigious blood sport of new york property, mr trump endured away. in 2016 united states of america today reported that mr trump and his businesses was involved with at the very least 3,500 situations throughout the past three decades.

Mr trump features sued everybody else from his ex-wife to building technicians and tradesmen whom worked on his luxury towers and casinos into the rich hong-kong investors just who bailed him on when he was overextended within the mid-1990s. he has got also sued their attorneys.

Because ended up being with bad trust lawsuits, so it's now, stated barry schreibman, a semi-retired real-estate attorney whose firm studiously avoided mr trump. although now objective isnt chiselling straight down a bill, the motive is the identical: to make a profit from chaos.

The president has acknowledged his zest for legal combat. at a campaign event in 2016 he quipped: does any person learn more about litigation than trump? i am like a phd in litigation.

Mr trumps tendency for lawsuits features intersected with a surge throughout the last twenty years in election litigation in the usa. lorraine minnite, a political scientist at rutgers university, traces that to the bush vs gore dispute in florida in 2000.

Its type of the session the republican celebration discovered because of the 2000 election. that is, in a strong election, [if] you dont such as the results, you are able to shift the election contest into the process of law, prof minnite stated.

Couple of legal experts expect mr trumps election lawsuits to effectively overturn the effect, but there has been other occasions whenever litigation has actually snatched him a triumph of kinds from just what appeared like yes beat.

In november 2008, the financial meltdown ended up being threatening a very leveraged, 92-story chicago tower that was working behind schedule. deutsche bank had because of the trump business an extension on a $640m loan that has been overdue. now it was demanding that mr trump really repay $40m for the financial obligation.

With his straight back contrary to the wall, mr trump unleashed an appropriate complaint shot through with chutzpah. the developer accused their longtime banker of predatory lending and duty the financial meltdown while he demanded $3bn in problems. he did not win in courtroom, however the events sooner or later settled. deutsche granted mr trump another extension and soon after lent him more money.

His goals now aren't banking institutions or rival designers nevertheless secretaries of state in pennsylvania, michigan along with other swing says as he attempts to have the election overturned, alleging problems and voter fraudulence. many of his matches being thrown out, and election solicitors see faint prospect your president can deprive democratic nominee joe biden associated with white house.

Still, there are various other things short of success that mr trump might hope to get, say people who understand him. chief included in this is protecting a brandname which constructed on the idea that he's the ultimate winner.

I believe hell drag it on and he'll find a method to declare that hes carrying this out to cure the world, the real property manager predicted. within 2-3 weeks, he will announce their brand-new television system or show or whatever hes doing.

Expected if there was clearly any scenario under which mr trump would recognize defeat, the manager replied: no! oh, never. he'll always claim to the end of his life the election had been stolen from him.

Mr cohen believed carrying on the fight was required for the president to stir their formidable base whether to keep a hold on the republican party inside impending years, or even raise cash for his governmental activity committee and appropriate defence, or, as is reported, to launch a traditional media network, or other venture.

Donald trump wouldn't admit which he lost, mr cohen said. his statements of illegitimacy associated with the election is fundamental to his bigger objectives of establishing a shadow, for-profit presidency at [his florida resort of] mar-a-lago.

The lawyer believed mr trumps followers had been motivating his or her own pugilistic instincts, which however not disappoint all of them. ultimately, though, he expected mr trump to pivot.

Thats just how donald trump constantly is, the attorney stated. he plays when it comes to victory, but theres constantly the minute he...sees the writing on wall.