Spanish construction rebuilds after market collapse

Property developer Olivier Crambade founded Therus Invest in Madrid in 2004 to build offices and retail space. For five years business went quite well, and Therus developed and sold more than €300m of properties. Then Spain’s economy imploded, taking property with it, and Mr Crambade spent six years tending to Dhamma Energy, a solar energy […]

Continue Reading


Euro suffers worst month against the pound since financial crisis

Political risks are still all the rage in the currency markets. The euro has suffered its worst slump against the pound since 2009 in November, as investors hone in on a series of looming battles between eurosceptic populists and establishment parties at the ballot box. The single currency has shed 4.5 per cent against sterling […]

Continue Reading


RBS falls 2% after failing BoE stress test

Royal Bank of Scotland shares have slipped 2 per cent in early trading this morning, after the state-controlled lender emerged as the biggest loser in the Bank of England’s latest round of annual stress tests. The lender has now given regulators a plan to bulk up its capital levels by cutting costs and selling assets, […]

Continue Reading


China capital curbs reflect buyer’s remorse over market reforms

Last year the reformist head of China’s central bank convinced his Communist party bosses to give market forces a bigger say in setting the renminbi’s daily “reference rate” against the US dollar. In return, Zhou Xiaochuan assured his more conservative party colleagues that the redback would finally secure coveted recognition as an official reserve currency […]

Continue Reading


Carney: UK is ‘investment banker for Europe’

The governor of the Bank of England has repeated his calls for a “smooth and orderly” UK exit from the EU, saying that a transition out of the bloc will happen, it was just a case of “when and how”. Responding to the BoE’s latest bank stress tests, where lenders overall emerged with more resilient […]

Continue Reading

Categorized | Banks

Citigroup: Banamex bother

Posted on February 28, 2014

Pedestrians walk outside a Banamex bank branch©Bloomberg

The fraud was linked to Banamex loans to Oceanografia

Good news, Brady Dougan! It took a few days for dirt to kick up around another big bank, after Credit Suisse got in trouble over clients and tax evasion – but Citigroup delivered eventually. The bank said on Friday that 2013 earnings would take a retroactive hit after fraud in its prized Mexican unit, Banamex.

These unpleasant situations have, first, a financial cost. Banamex lent about $585m to an oil services company to finance receivables from Pemex, the state-owned oil company. According to an internal memo from Citi, it appears that the invoices from Oceanografia – processed by a Banamex employee – were falsified to show approvals from Pemex. It is unclear how many people were involved but as much as $400m was misappropriated. The fraud will reduce 2013 net profit by $235m after taxes, or 1.7 per cent to $13.7bn. (The cut in the fourth quarter is about 9 per cent.) Return on equity was thus 12 basis points lower at 6.9 per cent.

    A few hundred million dollars does not break a bank the size of Citi. But it is not inconsequential either, given the bank’s low level of profitability (though Citi, depending on the ensuing investigation, may be able to recover some damages).

    But there are broader implications. True, banks extend risk and sometimes they get burnt. But the issue here is not one of lending to a company that fails; it is fraud. And that raises questions about the bank’s controls and credibility. The inquiry is ongoing and Citi believes the fraud is isolated. But naturally as part of the post mortem, Citi has begun a review, throughout Banamex and the rest of bank, of programmes similar to the one at issue. That raises the question of what else may be found, and the cost of that in both dollars and perception. Citi already faced questions over souring loans to housebuilders in Mexico.

    The Oceanografia loans are a tiny part of Citi’s loan book. But the financial crisis has made everyone alert to evidence big banks are too big to manage: allegations of brokers in Switzerland helping US clients avoid taxes or questionable and costly trading within a bank’s own investment office; fraud in Mexico; and so on. This stuff adds up.

    Email the Lex team in confidence at