BoE stress tests: all you need to know

The Bank of England has released the results of its latest round of its annual banking stress tests and its semi-annual financial stability report this morning. Used to measure the resilience of a bank’s balance sheet in adverse scenarios, the stress tests measured the impact of a severe slowdown in Chinese growth, a global recession […]

Continue Reading


Draghi: Eurozone will decline without vital productivity growth

It’s productivity, stupid. European Central Bank president Mario Draghi has become the latest major policymaker to warn of the long-term economic damage posed by chronically low productivity growth, as he urged eurozone governments to take action to lift growth and stoke innovation. Speaking in Madrid on Wednesday, Mr Draghi noted that productivity rises in the […]

Continue Reading


Asia markets tentative ahead of Opec meeting

Wednesday 2.30am GMT Overview Markets across Asia were treading cautiously on Wednesday, following mild overnight gains for Wall Street, a weakening of the US dollar and as investors turned their attention to a meeting between Opec members later today. What to watch Oil prices are in focus ahead of Wednesday’s Opec meeting in Vienna. The […]

Continue Reading

Banks, Financial

RBS emerges as biggest failure in tough UK bank stress tests

Royal Bank of Scotland has emerged as the biggest failure in the UK’s annual stress tests, forcing the state-controlled lender to present regulators with a new plan to bolster its capital position by at least £2bn. Barclays and Standard Chartered also failed to meet some of their minimum hurdles in the toughest stress scenario ever […]

Continue Reading


Barclays: life in the old dog yet

Barclays, a former basket case of British banking, is beginning to look inspiringly mediocre. The bank has failed Bank of England stress tests less resoundingly than Royal Bank of Scotland. Investors believe its assets are worth only 10 per cent less than their book value, judging from the share price. Although Barclays’s legal team have […]

Continue Reading

Categorized | Financial

UK Treasury fears £9bn bank crisis fund

Posted on April 30, 2013

British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne©Getty

George Osborne faces being forced to set aside up to £9bn for a standalone bank crisis fund, as the UK chancellor is once again cornered in Brussels over a flagship EU financial reform.

EU member states are approaching the final stages of talks on national rules to wind up troubled banks, with Britain isolated in opposing the creation of mandatory, pre-financed national funds to pay for bank resolution costs.

    The latest compromise under discussion in Brussels, seen by the Financial Times, would require Mr Osborne to tap industry for a resolution and deposit insurance fund matching at least 1 per cent of covered deposits.

    Given that Britain introduced a temporary “bank levy” on balance sheets, which raises at least £2.5bn a year and goes toward reducing the annual deficit, it is likely the money would need to be borrowed, or raised through an extra charge on lenders.

    The dispute over the fund will add to Britain’s long list of troubles in Brussels on financial regulation and comes on the heels of its defeat over bank bonuses, which saw Mr Osborne overruled by his counterparts.

    Diplomats say a compromise is still possible before a meeting of finance ministers in May, which could mean more flexibility or reduce the minimum amount of the fund.

    But London is facing headwinds: Germany and natural UK allies such as Sweden agree with the principle of establishing national resolution funds, or already have them in place. “The Brits are alone and no one is running to help,” said a diplomat involved.

    The fund is one element of a wider European Commission overhaul of bank governance, which establishes resolution authorities with summary powers to writedown creditors in failed banks, so the burden largely falls on private investors rather than taxpayers. Ambassadors discuss the reforms on Thursday.

    One outstanding issue is the level of flexibility national authorities are given to exempt certain creditors, such as uninsured deposit holders, when a so-called “bail-in” is triggered.

    Some countries, in the wake of the Cyprus bailout, are pressing for broad protection for even deposits over €100,000, which are unprotected by deposit guarantee schemes.

    As an alternative, Ireland, which holds the rotating presidency of the EU council, is suggesting a “depositor preference” arrangement. That means uninsured depositors can be written down in a crisis, but only as a last resort after other creditors absorb loses. The option is backed by the European Central Bank.

    New FT ebook

    Britain and the EU

    Britain and the EU

    FT writers explain Britain’s ambivalent attitude to the European Union ever since it joined 40 years ago, and what is at stake in the UK’s debate on whether to stay or go

    Under the Irish compromise on resolution funds, the minimum level of financing must be reached within the next 10 years, with half dedicated for bank resolution and the remainder to deposit insurance.

    The UK Treasury objects to pre-funding resolution schemes because the unused pot of money would act as a drag on growth, create moral hazard for banks and reduce the credibility of the bail-in tools.

    Britain is unconvinced the funds would prove worthwhile during a serious bank crisis, which would require interventions that far outstrip the levels of cash likely to be available in the resolution fund.

    As well as the bank levy paid to the Treasury, British lenders will pay £285m this year towards the Financial Services Compensation Scheme, which provides UK deposit insurance.

    Meeting EU targets for a standalone resolution and deposit fund would require a big increase in the levy – which the industry complains is already too onerous – or force the Treasury to divert revenues from the levy on bank balance sheets.

    The Irish papers preparing for the meeting of ambassadors do not even suggest there should be a discussion on the principle of pre-funding – a clear indication that the UK is heavily outnumbered.

    Some member states are even pushing for the fund target to be set as a proportion of total bank liabilities, which is a benchmark that would put a far greater burden on London.