Fannie Mae, the US government-controlled mortgage financier, will ask taxpayers for another $4.6bn after recording a $2.4bn loss last quarter, the company has said.
The latest appeal brings its total request from the US Treasury to $116bn, of which $20bn is due back to taxpayers in the form of a dividend as part of its government rescue.
The company, which together with its corporate cousin Freddie Mac backs nearly half of all outstanding US home loans, lost $16.9bn last year, a 20 per cent rise from 2010.
Fannie Mae blamed the deterioration last quarter on credit losses sustained on loans originated before 2009 and on its interest rate derivatives. The company was betting that interest rates would not fall.
The mortgage financier’s losses will probably put more pressure on the company and on its regulator, the Federal Housing Finance Agency. Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the FHFA are in the middle of a broader debate centred on just how much support the US government should provide to America’s property market.
Democrats, including the Obama administration, want the FHFA to allow for Fannie and Freddie to reduce borrowers’ mortgage principal, a type of mortgage restructuring both have thus far refused to do. Republicans fear that principal reduction modifications will deepen Fannie Mae’s losses, hurting its main owner, US taxpayers.
About one in five US homeowners with a mortgage owe more on their housing debt than their properties are worth.
Freddie and Fannie
The role of the state-backed US mortgage originators has come under the microscope
By reducing principal, some policymakers and legislators reckon that delinquency rates will tumble and home seizures will decrease, leading to an eventual rise in home prices.
Fannie Mae blamed its losses in part on deteriorating property prices. Loans in negative equity had a serious delinquency rate of 14 per cent, the company disclosed in its annual report filed with securities regulators, versus an overall serious delinquency rate of about 3.9 per cent.
The mortgage company owns or guarantees nearly $2.8tn of home loans, making it the largest provider of mortgage credit in the US. Fannie Mae does not originate loans; rather, it purchases and guarantees them for inclusion in securities for sale to investors.
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac were taken over by the US government in 2008. The Obama administration has said it wants to wind down the companies, yet it has not put forward a plan to do so.
Executives at Fannie Mae have complained that key employees are hard to keep because of the companies’ uncertain future, hobbling their ability to turn consistent profits. Freddie Mac reports earnings later this week.
Separately, Fannie Mae disclosed that it decided to amend its contract with its largest partner, Bank of America, and will no longer buy traditional home purchase loans from the lender in an escalation of a dispute over compensation for soured mortgages. BofA had previously indicated that it was the party that moved to alter the contract.